Tourism in Bangladesh is a developing foreign currency earner. Bangladesh's tourist attractions include, historical and monuments, resorts, beaches, picnic spots, forests and tribal people, wildlife of various species. Bangladesh offers ample opportunities to tourists for angling, water skiing, river cruising, hiking, rowing, yachting, sea bathing as well as bringing one in close touch with pristine nature.
The World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) reported in 2013 that the travel and tourism industry in Bangladesh directly generated 1,281,500 jobs in 2012 or 1.8 percent of the country's total employment, which ranked Bangladesh 157 out of 178 countries worldwide.
The economy of Bangladesh is primarily dependent on agriculture. About 84% of the total population lives in rural areas and are directly or indirectly engaged in a wide range of agricultural activities. Agriculture contributes about 20.29% to the country’s GDP. About 43.6% of the labor force is employed in agriculture with about 57% being employed in the crop sector.
Tea Industry of Bangladesh has had a significant impact on the economy of Bangladesh. In 2010 the number of tea gardens has risen to 162. Of these gardens, 135 are in Sylhet division and 23 are in Chittagong division, and the newly developed 4 gardens belong to Rangpur division. The tea estates in Bangladesh annually produce about 59 million kg of tea. As of 2008 Bangladesh holds the 11th position among the 30 tea producing countries of the world. Production rose by one percent to 59.24 million kg but exports fell 68 percent to 2.53 million kg in 2009. Despite an increase in yields, exports are likely to fall further as the internal consumption is rising.
The Ready–Made Garments (RMG) sector in the past decade has emerged as the biggest earner of foreign currency. The RMG sector has experienced an exponential growth since the 1980s. The sector contributes significantly to the GDP. It also provides employment to around 4.2 million Bangladeshis. Currently, there are 4490 manufacturing units. The RMG sector contributes around 76 percent to the total export earnings. In 2007 it earned $9.35 billion. By 2013, about 4 million people, mostly women, worked in Bangladesh's $19 billion-a-year industry, export-oriented ready-made garment (RMG) industry.
Bangladesh has a strong background in building ships since ancient times. It is quite natural in that Bangladesh has more than 200 rivers with a total length of about 22,155km plus a long coast line on the Bay of Bengal.
Bangladesh has surfaced itself as a new destination for companies seeking construction of small ocean-going vessels as it offers skilled labor at very cost efficient wages. Since South Korea, China and Vietnam have moved to building larger vessels that require fewer people to build, the manufacturing base for small vessel building has naturally veered to Bangladesh.
Bangladesh holds the 2nd position as a Jute producer in the world with the average production of Jute 1.08 m ton/Year. More than 85% of world production of Jute is cultivated in the Ganges Delta & having the major portion of it; Bangladesh became the largest producer of Raw Jute or Jute Fiber in the world. For centuries, Bangladeshi Jute has had and still has demand in the international market for higher quality fibers. This fact makes Bangladesh the major exporter (80%+ market share) of Jute Fiber in the world. Total average export earnings from jute & jute goods are US$ 611 million/Year. Average export value of raw jute is US$ 140 million.
Bangladesh has a long established tanning industry which produces around 2-3% of the world’s leather from a ready supply of raw materials. The country is therefore an established and attractive location to source and outsource the manufacture of finished leather products. The leather industry is ideally suited to Bangladesh with its abundance of labor and natural resources at internationally competitive rates.
The textile and clothing (T&C) industries provide the single source of economic growth in Bangladesh's rapidly developing economy. Exports of textiles and garments are the principal source of foreign exchange earnings. By 2002 exports of textiles, clothing, and ready-made garments (RMG) accounted for 77% of Bangladesh’s total merchandise exports. Only 5% of textile factories are owned by foreign investors, with most of the production being controlled by local investors.